AgreenSkills session, year: 2nd session, 2015
Receiving laboratory: ALISS Nutrition and Social Sciences Research Unit Versailles-Grignon
Country of origin : Korea
The food consumption patterns of the aging population in France
A major demographic change documented in Europe, North America and the rest of the developed countries is the aging population. Standard economic theory postulates that demographic changes can be preference and demand shifters. It is likely, then, that the aging of population may have profound impact on food demand and consumption and food demand composition. As households age, their availability of time and market goods change. For example, upon retirement, the households have reduced income, but they have more time available for various activities. As straightforward as it sounds in theory, it is, however, not so straightforward to test this theory as the effect of aging is confounding by myriad of other changes, including but not limited to, changes in household composition (becoming empty nests and demanding less food), physical and mental health (demanding specific foods or food attributes), income status (decrease of both absolute and disposable income for food due to predictable (retirement) and unpredictable income shocks), opportunity cost of time (more time available for non-work related activities, such as home meal preparation and, therefore, demanding more ingredient food as opposed to more value added foods), etc. The objective of this research is to estimate life-cycle evolution of food purchases in France. In particular, we seek to estimate the quantitative, qualitative and structural changes in food demand as households age.
My research interests lay in economics of aging, household and consumer economics, food systems, food policy, applied econometrics. My education background is largely in economics. I received my Bachelor’s degree in economics from the Institute of National Economy, Yerevan Armenia. I have MBA degree in finance from the American University of Armenia, Yerevan Armenia, and Master’s degree in Economics from Virginia Tech. I received my doctoral degree in agricultural economics from Texas A&M in 2009.
Before coming to France I was assistant professor in Korea University, Seoul, Korea, and University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA. I taught a number of courses, both undergraduate and graduate level, in microeconomics, macroeconomics, public economics, public and welfare economics, economics of technology, as well as managerial economics and marketing.
*Caillavet, F., G. Kyureghian, R.M. Nayga Jr., C. Ferrant and P. Chauvin. 2015. Does Healthy Food Access Matter in a French Urban Setting? The Role of Food Retail Structure. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 97(5): 1400-1416.
*Kyureghian, G, and R.M. Nayga Jr. 2013. Food Store Access, Availability and Choice When Purchasing Fruits and Vegetables. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 95(5): 1280-1286.
*Kyureghian, G., R.M. Nayga Jr., and S. Bhattacharya. 2013. The Effect of Food Store Access and Income on Household Purchases of Fruits and Vegetables: A Mixed Effects Analysis. Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy 35(1): 69-88.
Martínez, I., J.M. Lattimer, K.L. Hubach, J.A. Case, J. Yang, C.G. Weber, J.A. Louk, D.J. Rose, G. Kyureghian, D.A. Peterson, M.D. Haub, and J. Walter. 2013. Gut microbiome composition is linked to whole grain-induced immunological improvements. International Society for Microbial Ecology Journal 7(2), 269-280.
*Kyureghian, G., and R. Flores.2012. Meta-Analysis of Studies on Vitamin C Contents of Fresh and Processed Fruits and Vegetables. Journal of Food & Nutritional Disorders 1(2), doi:10.4172/2324-9323.1000101.
*Kyureghian, G., O. Capps Jr., and R.M. Nayga Jr. 2011. A Missing Variable Imputation Methodology with an Empirical Application. Advances in Econometrics 27: 313-337.