AgreenSkills session, year: 1st session, 2013 (resubmissions)
Receiving laboratory: Institute of Evolutionary Biology, School of Biological Sciences, Scotland (UK)
Country of origin : France
Evolution of roe deer in a changing world: a quantitative genetic analysis
The roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) is an income breeder, relying on current resource intake for survival and reproduction. In the context of ongoing changes in regional climate and land-use, the overall goal of my mobility project is to elucidate the evolutionary mechanisms by which roe deer adapt to the increasing unpredictability in the distribution of resources both in space and time. Using a cutting edge quantitative genetic approach and focusing on long-term monitored roe deer populations exhibiting contrasting environmental conditions, I aim to assess the relative contribution of additive genetic variation and plasticity to morphological (e.g. body mass) and life-history traits (e.g. phenology).
I am a young researcher in evolutionary ecology with extensive skills in molecular biology, population genetics and landscape ecology and interested in applying genetic methods to problems in conservation and wildlife management. During my PhD and postdoc, my research dealt with the ecology and evolution of wild populations (primates, salmonids) living in heterogeneous and fluctuating environments. I investigated the roles and impacts of historical or contemporary, natural or anthropogenic factors (e.g. habitat fragmentation, stocking) on the genetic structure of populations using recent statistical approaches to model their functional connectivity and demographic history.
I was recently recruited as a junior researcher (CR2) at INRA (in January 2012 – laboratory CEFS) to study the ecological and evolutionary mechanisms by which wild ungulates adapt to increasing habitat heterogeneity and climate change. My long-term research project deals with evolution of complex phenotypic traits (behavioural, morphological and life-history traits) in wild roe deer populations. I used data from long-term, individual-based studies to investigate the genetic and environmental components of traits (quantitative genetics), the correlations between trait and fitness variation among individuals (selection analysis) and whether selection generated any plastic and/or micro-evolutionary response. I have also developed several research projects on various species (red deer, roe deer, ibex) to study the genetic basis of pathogen resistance (immunogenetics) or the spatial determinants of population connectivity (landscape genetics).
- Bech N, Barbu C, Quéméré E, Novoa C, Alienne JF, Boissier J (2013) Pyrenean ptarmigans decline under climatic and human influences through the Holocene. Heredity 111:402-409
- Paz-Vinas I, Quéméré E, Chikhi L, Loot G, Blanchet S (2013) ‘The demographic history of populations experiencing asymmetric gene flow: combining simulated and empirical data range. Molecular Ecology 22(12):3279-3291.
- Quéméré E, Hibert F, Miquel C, Lhuillier E, Rasolondraibe E, Champeau J, Salmona J, Nusbaumer L, Chatelain C, Gauthier L, Crouau-Roy B, Taberlet P, Chikhi L. (2013) A DNA metabarcoding study of a primate dietary diversity and plasticity across its entire fragmented range. PLoS ONE 8(3): e58971. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0058971.
- Quéméré E, Amelot X, Pierson J, Crouau-Roy B & Chikhi L (2012). Genetic data suggest a natural prehuman origin of open habitats in northern Madagascar and question the deforestation narrative in this region. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109(32):13028-33.
- Quéméré E, Chikhi L, Louis EE Jr., Rabarivola C, & Crouau-Roy B (2010). Landscape genetics of an endangered lemur (Propithecus tattersalli) within its entire fragmented range. Molecular Ecology. 19(8):1606 – 1621.