Bertrand Gauffre

Bertrand Gauffre

AgreenSkills session, year: 1st session, 2015

Receiving laboratory: School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

Country of origin : France




Mobility project

Landscape genetics for biodiversity management in human-impacted environments

Managing biodiversity in human-impacted environments requires assessment of both functional connectivity and adaptive genetic diversity. Landscape genetics and genomics are two rapidly growing disciplines that aim to understand how landscape and environmental features drive the degree and the spatial distribution of genetic variation.
The main goal of my project is to assess the impact of anthropogenic disturbances on gene flow and the evolutionary potential on natural populations in riverscapes and agricultural landscapes. First, using hundreds of genome-wide markers, I am investigating the impact of dams on neutral and adaptive genetic diversity and genetic structure of an endemic freshwater fish of Australia in the Yarra River system (Victoria, Australia). A space-for-time design was implemented, with several populations sampled upstream and downstream in five streams systems of different size and with barriers of different known ages. Second, I am running computer simulations on various types of genetic data and markers to estimate the timescale at which populations are impacted by anthropogenic habitat alteration. This will provide general insights into the timing of barrier effects on different classes of molecular marker in freshwater systems. Finally, I will provide an empirical test of the performance of spatial genetics methods adapted to individual-based landscape genetics datasets to detect landscape genetics relationships. This project is a great opportunity to provide robust management and restoration strategies based on knowledge about populations’ connectivity and evaluation of their adaptive potential.

Biography & research interests

I am a 37 years old researcher, working at INRA-SPE since 2010. I define myself as a population biologist, interested in the response of biodiversity to anthropogenic disturbances. My main research area is the study of dispersal and gene flow in heterogeneous environments. My research relies on a pluridisciplinary approach that includes empirical analyses and computer simulation in population genetics and landscape genetics (13 publications) and statistical modelling of ecological data (10 publications). One of my leading achievements has been to produce important insights on how landscape structure and its temporal dynamics influence movement and dispersal in various species inhabiting agro-ecosystems. Based on computer simulations, I provided general insight on the establishment and detection of genetic structure in relation to barriers or to landscape structures mitigating dispersal rate and distance. I also participated in the development of a new exploratory method in spatial genetics. I co-supervised 3 PhD students, regularly participate to PhD thesis committees in France and have been involved in the organization of an international conference.

Selected publications

21) Dubois A., Galan M., Cosson J-F., Gauffre B., Henttonen H., Niemimaa J., Razzauti M., Voutilainen L., Vitalis R., Guivier E., Charbonnel N. Microevolution of bank voles (Myodes glareolus) at neutral and immune-related genes during multiannual dynamic cycles: Consequences for Puumala hantavirus epidemiology. Infection, Genetics and Evolution.
20) Gilabert A., Gauffre B., Parisey N., Le Gallic J.F., Lhomme P., Bretagnolle V., Dedryver CA, Baudry J. and Plantegenest M. (2016) Influence of the surrounding landscape on the colonization rate of cereal aphids and phytovirus transmission in autumn. Journal of pest science. DOI: 10.1007/s10340-016-0790-3.
* 19) Piry S., Chapuis M-P., Gauffre B., Papaïx J., Cruault A. and Berthier K. (2016) Mapping Averaged Pairwise Information (MAPI): a new exploratory tool to uncover spatial structure. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.12616.

18) Caro G., Marrec R., Gauffre B. Roncoroni M. Augiron S. and Bretagnolle V. (2016) Multi-scale effects of agri-environment schemes on carabid beetles in intensive farmland. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 229, 48-56.
17) Pinot A., Barraquand F., Tedesco E., Lecoustre V., Bretagnolle V. and Gauffre B. (2016) Density-dependent reproduction causes winter crashes in a common vole population. Population Ecology, 58 (3).
16) Andrade T.O., Outreman Y., Krespi L., Plantegenest M., Vialatte A., Gauffre B. and van Baaren J. (2015) Spatiotemporal variations in aphid-parasitoid relative abundance patterns and food webs in agricultural ecosystems. Ecosphère, 6 (7), 113.
* 15) Gauffre B., Mallez S., Chapuis M-P., Leblois R., Litrico I., Delaunay S. and Badenhausser I. (2015) Spatial heterogeneity in landscape structure influences dispersal and genetic structure: empirical evidence from a grasshopper in an agricultural landscape. Molecular Ecology, 24 (8), 1713–1728.
14) Marrec R., Badenhausser I., Bretagnolle V., Börger L., Roncoroni M., Guillon N. and Gauffre B. (2015) Crop succession and habitat preferences drive the distribution and abundance of carabid beetles in an agricultural landscape Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 199, 282-289.
13) Marrec R., Ruault S, Ribout C., Plantegenest M. and Gauffre B. (2014) Isolation and characterization of eleven polymorphic microsatellite markers from the beneficial carabid beetle Poecilus cupreus (Coleoptera: Carabidae), and genetic structuring among three populations from Western France. European Journal of Entomology, 111 (5).
12) Pinot A., Gauffre B. and Bretagnolle V. (2014) The interplay between seasonality and density: consequences for female breeding decisions in a small cyclic herbivore. BMC Ecology, 14 (1), 17.
* 11) Gauffre B., Berthier K., Inchausti P., Chaval Y., Bretagnolle V. and Cosson J-F (2014) Short-term variations in gene flow related to cyclic density fluctuations in the common vole. Molecular Ecology, 23 (13), 3214–3225.
10) Raymond L., Sarthou J-P., Plantegenest M., Gauffre B., Ladet S., Vialatte A. (2014) Immature hoverflies overwinter in cultivated fields and may significantly control aphid populations in autumn. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 185, 99–105.
9) Bonnet T., Crespin L., Bruneteau L., Pinot A., Bretagnolle V. and Gauffre B. (2013) How Common vole cope with modern farming? Insights from a capture-mark-recapture experiment. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 177, 21–27.
8) Raymond L., Plantegenest M., Gauffre B., Sarthou J-P., Vialatte A. (2013) Lack of Genetic Differentiation between Contrasted Overwintering Strategies of a Major Pest Predator Episyrphus balteatus (Diptera: Syrphidae): Implications for Biocontrol. PLoS ONE, 8 (9).
7) Gillis H., Gauffre B., Huot R. and Bretagnolle V. (2012) Vegetation height and egg coloration differentially affect predation rate and overheating risk: an experimental test mimicking a ground-nesting bird. Canadian Journal of Zoology – Revue Canadienne de Zoologie, 90, 694-703.
* 6) Gauffre B., Petit E., Brodier S., Bretagnolle V. and Cosson J.F. (2009) Sex-biased dispersal patterns depend on the spatial scale in a social rodent.2009. Proceedings of the royal society B, 276 (1672), 3487- 3494.
5) Ruda M., Ziak D., Gauffre B., Zima J., Martinkova N. (2009) Comprehensive cross-amplification of microsatellite multiplex sets across the rodent genus Microtus. 2009. Molecular Ecology Resources, 9 (3), 974-978.
* 4) Gauffre B., Estoup A., Bretagnolle V. and Cosson J.F. (2008) Spatial genetic structure of a small rodent in a heterogeneous landscape. 2008. Molecular Ecology, 17 (21), 4619-4629.
3) Deter J., Chaval Y., Galan M., Gauffre B., Morand S., Henttonen H., Laakkonen J., Voutilainen L., Charbonnel N., Cosson J.F. (2008) Kinship, dispersal and hantavirus transmission in bank and common voles. 2008. Archives of Virology, 153, 435-444.
2) Gauffre B., Galan M., Bretagnolle V. and Cosson J.F. (2007) Polymorphic microsatellite loci and PCR multiplexing in the common vole, Microtus arvalis. 2007. Molecular Ecology Notes, 7, 830-832.
1) Gauffre B., Coeur d’Acier A. (2006) New polymorphic microsatellite loci, cross-species amplification and PCR multiplexing in the black aphid, Aphis fabae Scopoli. 2006. Molecular Ecology Notes, 6, 440-442.